When it comes to skincare, it is best to start early. Growing up is challenging and exciting. The little things matter when a person comes of age. Skin conditions in teenagers are prevalent, and they can make or break their confidence. Adopting a teenage skin care routine in the formative years can lay the foundation for healthy skin and boost morale.
It is essential to understand that the teenager's skin is still developing and growing. The need and the pH balance of the skin will change with the years due to several factors—for instance, hormones, environmental factors, food habits and more.
Clear and glowy skin is a dream for everyone and to succeed one must be consistent in following skincare routine. Hormones and other factors influence the well-being of the skin. The body releases the hormone testosterone, which can change the individual's skin condition in these formative years.
Teenagers can develop acne, redness and skin breakouts or other issues. Whatever the problems are with the proper teenager skin care routine, they can remedy them. The needs of the skincare routine must depend on the conditions they face now. It must suit their skin.
Difference Between Teen and Adult Skin
The skin of teenagers differs a lot from that of adults. One common denominator in both age groups is the occurrence of acne. Acne is a hormonal issue. However, the solution for teenagers is vastly different than that for adults. Aren't you curious to know what the differences are? Let's find out.
One of the noticeable differences is the appearance of acne in the two age groups. In teenagers, acne appears on their face. While in adults, acne appears not only on the face but also on the back, shoulders and even all over the body.
Generally, acne occurs due to the accumulation of oils and dead skin cells. In kids, acne causes swelling, redness and spots. Acne tends to reappear seasonally in kids. However, following a simple skin care routine for oily skin teenagers helps curb the oil in the skin, reducing the recurrence of acne.
While teenage acne is usually due to puberty, acne in adults occurs for various other reasons. It can occur due to pregnancy, as hormones alter during pregnancy time. Also, if one uses birth control pills or any other medication that affects the hormones in the body, acne can appear on the skin.
Other than that, slow cellular turnover in adults leads to the accumulation of dead skin cells, which causes acne. Inflammation of the skin from allergies also leads to acne on adult skin. Improper diet can also cause acne in adults and teenagers.
Since the cause of acne differs in adults and teenagers, the treatment cannot be the same. In teenagers, the treatment focuses on the topical application of the medicine to attack acne directly. While in adults, the preferred method is medicines or hormonal therapies. Come, Let’s find out the differences
Benzoyl peroxide treats acne through topical application. It is a liquid that comes in gel, lotion or foam form and has antimicrobial properties. It kills the bacteria reducing acne.
Topical retinoids are available in the form of creams, lotions and gels. It sheds the older skin (peels the infected skin off), revealing the fresh skin underneath. It reduces clogging, thus eliminating the recurrence of acne. It also evens out the skin tone. The topical retinoids directly attack the bacteria on the skin which causes breakouts and severe acne.
Topical antibiotics in teenager skin care routines have a range of strengths and kill acne-causing bacteria. Antibiotics like erythromycin and clindamycin kill the bacteria solving the acne problem at its root.
It is a cream, foam, or gel-based product that kills acne-causing bacteria. Azelaic acid requires much more research into its mechanisms for treating acne. However, it is effective in acne treatment for teenagers. It is conveniently found in foods like whole grains, cereals, barley, rye and even animal products.
Lastly, the treatment that teenagers can go for is hormonal therapy. Hormonal therapies are effective in reducing severe acne. However, one must be careful as hormonal therapies alter the hormone balance. You must ensure that it does not permanently change the hormonal balance of the teenager, for it will have lifelong repercussions.
Best Teenage Skin Care Routine to Follow
Apart from treatment, teenagers can ensure that the acne will not hamper their skin again with the best teenage skin care routine. Read on to know what steps a teenager must follow to maintain clear skin
A teenager should never use products with harsh chemicals. When it comes to cleansing their skin, they can use a gentle, foaming cleanser that is not harsh. It does not alter the skin's pH balance, nor does it strip the skin of its natural oils.
Exfoliate Once Weekly
Teenagers dealing with acne must exfoliate their skin with salicylic. Adding Exfoliation in teenagers skincare routine will remove dead skin cells and deeply cleanse the pores.
One must not forget this step. Apply moisturiser daily, twice a day. Doing this from a young age will stop the early appearance of wrinkles and fine lines and keep the skin hydrated.
So, you have made a teenage skin care routine. Now what? You must regularly follow it. You must always complete all steps and spend a day before committing to the skincare routine. Maintaining it will help you to tackle all the skin problems and stop them from reoccurring.
What is a good age to start a skincare routine?
You can begin the basics of the skin care routine at 12. Starting at a young age gives you a better understanding of your skin's needs. You can also change your skincare routine accordingly with time.
What is the best skin care routine for teenage girls?
The best teenage skin care routine is simple. Stick to the basics. Use a cleanser, toner and moisturiser. Once a week, do spot treatment, and while stepping out, remember to apply and then reapply your sunscreen.