What is a dark spot and causes of it on the face?

Dark spots can occur due to many underlying factors. Exposure to UV rays of the Sun, certain skin conditions, and consumption of specific medications are the most common causes. Pregnancy and liver disease are also a part of the list. But the good news is that they can be easy to treat.

Dark spots can be of many kinds on the skin. Age spots and sun spots are some of them. But if you want to know how to treat them effectively, it becomes crucial to understand what is dark spot and what causes it. We have defined it comprehensively below.

What Is a Dark Spot?

Dark spots can range from brown to black in color. Generally, these spots are flat and oval-shaped. You may commonly experience them on the face, arms, shoulders, and on the back of the hands. But before you resort to any type of treatment, it is best to identify what causes dark spots on face. So, if you have a dark spot on your face, you can deal with it effectively.

Although dark spots are usually quite small in size, they can occur in clusters and enlarge to form expansive areas of dark skin. That is why you must identify the causes of dark spots on face to find immediate relief as required.

What Causes Dark Spots On Face?

If you have understood what is dark spot, it is time to get deeper into understanding its causes.

1. Exposure To The UltraViolet Rays Of The Sun

Frequent exposure to UltraViolet rays of the sun can cause tanning on the skin. This may elevate the chances of dark spots that may become difficult to control. Thankfully, using a potential SPF sunscreen can control these consequences.

Wearing glasses when stepping into the Sun and shielding your skin with an umbrella overhead can also work as great sun-protective remedies for your skin. Eventually, all of them can help control the effects of dark spots on your face. In time, you will also experience a decrease in causes of black spots on face.

2. A Variety Of Skin Conditions

Did you know that certain skin conditions can also increase the chances of dark spots caused on your skin? Linea Nigra, Melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are some of them. Thus, it is important to identify which one you might be experiencing so you can take the right precautions to control dark spots on your face. Here’s a more in-depth explanation of these skin conditions for your comprehensive understanding-


This may also be popularly referred to as a pregnancy mask. Generally, it is caused due to excessive skin radiation and exposure to UV rays of the Sun. In fact, consumption of certain foods like Marine Fish, Peanuts, and Wheat Gluten may further elevate the likelihood of this condition.

Also Read: Melasma on face: Signs and symptoms of melasma

Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

A type of skin discoloration that may follow up with a rash, acne, or scrape on your skin. Dark spots on the face are a common consequence of this skin condition.

Poikiloderma Of Civatte

It is a form of benign skin condition that depicts itself as reddish-brown in color on the skin. It is most common around the neck, with dark spots as a common aftereffect.

Consumption Of Certain Medications

Did you know that consuming certain medications come with its own set of side effects? Dark spots on the face can be one of them. Estrace, Amiodarone, and Phenothiazines are some of the most common medications that may increase dark spots on the face. That is why it is best to speak to a dermatologist before consuming them.


While there are many reasons why a dark spot may occur on your face, you may not always be able to control its forthcoming. However, effective remedies can be taken to reduce them and control their spread. The Pink Foundry has got it all.

Dark Spots & Hyperpigmentation Correcting Power Serum is one of our best recommendations. It not only fades dark spots evenly but also reduces hyperpigmentation to a drastic extent. The treatment may also help decrease post-acne scar marks and even out skin tone. Apart from this, it also promises to brighten your overall complexion and soothe your skin. You can also opt for Vitamin C Antioxidant Radiance Serum and Overnight Exfoliating AHA BHA Radiance Mask.


1. How To Control Dark Spots If I Have Dark Skin?

If you have a dark complexion, you can use the power of exfoliation to control dark spots on your face. Make sure you do this gently using the right products like the Overnight Exfoliating AHA BHA Radiance Mask.

2. Can Hydration Help Reduce Dark Spots?

YES. Drinking at least 8 ounces of water per day to experience a reduction in dark spots and remain in the pink of your health.

3. Are there any treatments available for dark spots on the face?

Yes, there are various treatments available for dark spots on the face. These include topical creams or serums containing ingredients like hydroquinone, retinoids, kojic acid, or vitamin C, as well as procedures such as chemical peels, microdermabrasion, laser therapy, or intense pulsed light (IPL) treatments.

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